Please note: these pages are in the process of being updated. We apologize for any problems. Links should be fine up to Law and the Courts.
The Redwood Highway
The Redwood Highway begins at the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California--the beginning of the Redwood Highway North (Hwy. 101). To the immediate right or east of the Gate lies what remains of Alcatraz, now a national park; a short distance to the east-northeast is San Quentin; much farther north, past the Telecom Valley, MendoSonoma, Silicon, or Digital Coast, is Pelican Bay. Together these prisons represent the past, present, and future, respectively, of incarceration--California style with Fed Rock thrown in. They have also reflected and defined the state of communities and polities that adapt to and/or rely upon them to resolve their experiences of crime problems.
The Redwood Highway contains links from and about the world that deal with the nature, extent, control, and prevention of crime. It is devoted to helping us understand the nature of our crime problems as well as how our laws, punishments, and relatively meager prevention strategies have developed and can be changed. There are also links to the scientific study of crime, electronic and print publication, and the profession of criminology. It should be of interest to both professionals in the field and more casual web surfers. The Redwood Highway attempts to focus on quality links and is annotated.
Our site first opened in mid-November, 1995.
- The local weather
- The Official US Time
- An up-to-date satellite photo of the local area
- Convert Anything
We are not responsible for what is found on the links contained in these web pages. Some documents may contain language or pictures that are offensive to some. Follow the links at your own risk.
To Expand or Collapse All blocks.
- The Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics contains a massive amount of quantitative information about offending and offenders, including self-report, victimization and police sources, along with information about the police, courts, corrections, prevention and attitudes about crime. This terrific resource is up again with 2011 data, which is updated monthly. In order to download these files you will need to install Adobe's Acrobat software, which is free.
- European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics. Our European friends' counterpart to the U.S. Sourcebook.
- University of Michigan Statistical Resources. Enter "crime." in the search engine. This site link provides a pretty good collection of crime related resources for general users. You can also go to their site index for more specific (or general) information.
- The Federal Bureau of Investigation's 2015 (and earlier) Crime in the United States, which is available in either html, excel and/or pdf; the latter requires (free) Acrobat software. This site also contains hate crime data; current and past issues of the Law Enforcement Bulletin ; NCIC --National Crime Information Center publication; NIBRS, and others.
- Bureau of Justice Statistics: Reports. Here's a gateway to an agency with a vast number of reports on crime.
- TRAC Monthly Bulletins on a range of agencies--ATF, DEA, FBI, Immigration and IRS--as well as Program Bulletins: Internal Security, White Collar Crime, Narcotics, Weapons, Civil Rights, Offricial Corruption, Environment, Organized Crime and Government Regulatory.
- EveryBlock's Chicago. This is a way cool database of crime for the city of Chicago, which is tied in with Google somehow, so that you get Google maps of Chicago's crime issues. There's also a dashboard widget.
- Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA) and its mirror sites in the United Kingdom and Australia. The CESSDA facilitates the distribution and sharing of electronic data for social science education and research in Europe.
- The Crime Mapping Research Center. This site is devoted to crime mapping and spatial analysis.
- Federal Justice Case Processing Statistics, funded by the US BJS.
- Counting California. Lots of statistics about California, including those related to crime.
- Geostat: Geospatial and Statistical Data Center. Take the link to the "Scholar lab." Useful information such as annotated listings of graphical and statistical inks, instructional materials relevant to social and hard sciences, and much more.
- The National Criminal Justice Reference Service is a key place to search for a wide variety of documents on crime and criminal justice. This resource is updated and free for many items.
- Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (Michigan).
- IASSIST - International Association for Social Science Information Service and Technology
- Murray Research Center. This research center claims to have the "nation's largest social science data archive on human development across the life span." It is a nicely laid out site and provides free help but data requests require application/registration. This seems to be a researcher's dream come true.
- The National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect at Cornell University.
- The General Social Survey Data and Information Retrieval System (GSSDIRS) is available. This is a data set that has been almost continuously collected since the early 1970s. It has relevant data on opinions and facts about crime, bibliographies, question wordings, reports, case-level analysis and sub-setting, trend tables, and much more. If this is not satisfactory you may wish to try the GSS Surveys at this web page. Once you arrive there go to Q SOFT or Social Sciences Resources.
- The National Archive of Criminal Justice Data contains over 500 data collections relating to criminal justice. The site provides you with both documentation and a means of downloading information.
- The Data Archive of the University of Essex has over 7,000 databases (!) of secondary data for analysis. The site also contains information about funding opportunities.
- Atlas of United States Mortality by race, region, gender, etc.
- RACE Are We So Different? A helpful link for researchers and kids about what race means. Instructive in thinking about crime.
- Foreclosure to Homelessness: the Forgotten Victims of the Subprime Crisis (pdf). One step away from more serious problems. From the National Coalition for the Homeless.
- SEARCH -- The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics. A nonprofit consortium whose major objective is to assist local and state justice agencies in information exchange.There are special projects on Drug Courts, the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), Law Enforcement IT, Integrated Justice and others. There is a lot more here.
- State and County QuickFacts -- US Census. You can readily access frequently needed Census Bureau information here at the national, state, and county level. Another fabulous resource for those needing numbers.
- Department of Health and Human Services-Substance Abuse. They have massive data on the connection between mental illness and drugs.
- Victimization statistics (NCVS) for the U.S.
- The National Center for Education Statistics has a great deal of information on safety in the schools.
- Center for Disease Control, Report on Nation's Health.
- "American Sexual Behavior: Trends, Socio-Demographic Differences, and Risk Behavior," by Tom W. Smith at NORC. Offers reliable estimates on the annual (max 4%) and lifetime (max 17%) prevalence of extramarital affairs, among other relevant statistics.
- The Census of Population and Housing contains 2014 and earlier Census data, even in spreadsheet form, for US jurisdictions, population counts for the US and world, etc.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Welfare caseload information by state, before and after welfare reform. Updated regularly.
- The The 2015 Statistical Abstract--the genuine article, with links to all prior census data going back to 1878. The current report is in Excel format but earlier ones are in pdf. There is a subject index but it's a little hard to find the statistical tables you need.
- The World Wide Web Virtual Library offers a topical search engine and links to the on-line legal community in the US. This site is maintained by the Bloomington, Indiana School of Law.
- The Securities Class Action Clearinghouse, a nifty, updated collection of firms that face class action lawsuits, brought to you by the Stanford Law School."The Securities Class Action Clearinghouse provides detailed information relating to the prosecution, defense, and settlement of federal class action securities fraud litigation. "
- FACTNet International Digest, a non-profit Internet digest, library, news service, dialogue center, and archive dedicated to the defense and promotion of global free speech, free thought, and privacy rights.
- The Government Printing Office has the Congressional Record, the full text of bills, and unrestricted access to the Federal Register, among many other items of interest.
- The latest U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Register Database.
- SSU Library's subject guide to crime information.
- Comparison of statistical packages for people who analyze data--free and fee based.
- Amnesty International's attack on the U.S. system of punishment. They find "a persistent and widespread pattern of human rights violations" in the U.S.
- OSAC Public Newsletters, under the "Resource Library" section, includes reports on international:
- Safety and Security
- White Collar Crime
- Crime and Safety Reports
- Crime & Law Enforcement
- Crisis & Risk Management
- Universities and Colleges
- Human Rights Watch Various Reports or News statements (there are many to choose from:
- 2011-present. Go to their site.
- 2010. The World. About 90 countries. The full report is 4 mbs, or you can pick a country. Yes, the U.S. is there too.
- 2009. The Sky Is the Limit for People with Disabilities. "The US Department of Transportation received 17,068 disability-related complaints against airline carriers in 2009."
- 2008. Afghanistan: Civilian Deaths From Airstrikes
- 2007. Mandatory Deportation Laws Harm American Families
- 2006. "The Second Assault: Obstructing Access to Legal Abortion in Mexico," by Marianne Mollmann. This study deals with the specific topic of girls and women who try to get abortions after they are impregnated by their rapist.
- 2005. ICC Takes Key Step to Bring Justice to Darfur
- 2004. Did President Bush Order Torture?
- 2004. Guantanano: Detainee Accounts
- 2004. The Legal Prohibition Against Torture
- Child Rights Information Network uses the UN's convention on the rights of the child as their inspiration. Filled with links to the state of children in the world. There is a search engine that is wonderful. There's an amazing amount of information at this site.
- Nation Master. Numerous details, including crime, health, education, etc., about many countries in the world. You'll also find maps useful for locating a country in the world, along with flags. Beware of data sources.
- International Centre for Prison Studies. A group with various resources. Recently they had Elliot Currie through to talk for their 10th anniversary.
- International Crime Victims Survey. A survey of victimization in about fourteen countries. The data are also available for analysis.
- International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour
- Global Alliance for Justice Education A relatively new organization that seeks to advance justice education, especially in developing countries.
- International Victimology Website. Current practices and research in victimology/criminology. This site has a Victimology Research database and a Victim Services and Victimization Prevention database. There are also quite a few documents and publications, by country.
- "Establishing Law and Order After Conflict", the July, 2005 RAND report examines how (well) the US messes with nations around the world, including Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, Bosnia and others. The uses data on violence, crime, and other information. It includes recommendations.
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. This site has the subsections of news/publications, drug abuse and demand reduction, drug supply reduction, terrorism, corruption and human trafficking, treaty and legal affairs, and analysis and statistics.
- National Constitutions from around the world.
- UNAIDS, the lead agency on AIDS around the world. This site contains reports on the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.
- American Society of International Law You can examine International Law in Brief (way cool, and it's free).
- United Nations Interregional Crime & Justice Research Institute (UNICRI). A nicely done site. UNICRI has a lot of international criminology resources, including information on 470+ institutes around the world, a searchable bibliography, a thesaurus, and related information.
- The Canadian Access to Justice Network provides a very useful look of things Canadian and much, much more.
- The Canadian Criminal Justice Association
- The International Community Corrections Association
- United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network, a global criminal justice information and crime prevention network.
Sixth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1995 - 1997). In pdf or excel formats. The 2000 Global Report on Crime and Justice is available too. This site is now subsumed by The Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
- Criminal Justice Resources for (recent studies):
- 3/16/16 - The Afghan Opiate Trade and Africa - A Baseline Assessment- 2016
- 3/16/16 - Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015 - Socio-economic analysi
- Internet Corruption Perception Index. This site deals with the perception of corruption around the world. Countries are ranked with varied sources by the extent of corruption in public administration.
- Unicef's State of the World's Children. At it for over 70 years.
- The CIA's World Factbook at their new home. This used to be one of the most accessed volumes on the web. It is highly informative.
- The Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation
- The World Drug Report 2015
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Social and Human Sciences. This fine web site and international effort also includes links in education, natural sciences, culture, communication and information. The themes in social and human sciences include ethics, human rights, philosophy, poverty eradication, prospective studies and social transformations.
- Report into Allegations of Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China.
- The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
- The California Highway Patrol
- The CIA
- CyberCrime from the Australian Institute of Criminology
- The United States Department of Justice
- The Drug Enforcement Administration DEA
- The Federal Bureau of Investigation.
- The Federal Trade Commission . Are you on the do not call list?
International Association of Chiefs of Police
The eighty year old international crime fighting organization with over one hundred eighty nations as members. There are international crime statistics and a lot of other resources, including Interpol's publication, the International Criminal Police Review. There is information here on: terrorism, Genocide, War Crimes, and Crimes Against Humanity, Children and Human Trafficking, Property Crime, Drugs, Financial crime, Corruption, Forensic, Information Technology Crime, Criminal Intelligence Analysis, and others
- Office of Tribal Justice.This brings together various agencies with jurisdiction over Native American Indian jurisdictions. If you take the Tribal Issues link, you find the following:
United States Attorneys' Offices. The vast majority of criminal prosecutions for felony crimes committed within Indian country are handled by United States Attorneys' Offices. The designated Tribal Liaison within United States Attorneys' Offices may be contacted regarding issues that arise in Indian Country. The United States Attorneys' Offices have identified five basic priorities on which to focus in Indian country: (1) Homeland security, (2) Violent crimes, (3) Indian gaming, (4) White collar crime, and (5) Jurisdictional issues.
It may be of interest to compare Native American Indian perspectives on the history and contemporary view of themselves. One place to get this online is through the relatively new American Indian Museum, apparently the last museum to be built on the row in D.C. One exhibit entitled, "Who Stole the Teepee?", is worth examining. However, a tour of this museum is eye-opening to the unprepared visitor. Friendly and very knowledgeable staff there introduce patrons to the history of treaties and the treatment of American Indians in this country--a history that obviously does not put our government's past actions in the most favorable light.
- Leo's Law Enforcement Links is also extensive and updated. The server is sometimes unavailable.
- National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). A joint project between the FBI and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, which will at some point hopefully replace the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports. The NIBRS includes data on 22 offense categories and makes a variety of improvements to existing FBI data. Around half the states have joined. Data on arson are still collected as poorly as under the old FBI system, but at least they're trying something new. Animal cruelty is getting a higher ranking than it did in the UCR.
- The National Security Agency. Here's an agency with some money to devote to web page frills.
- Office of National Drug Control Policy
- The US Customs and Border Protection
- The US Secret Service
- Women in Law Enforcement, 1987-2008. While there are some gains overall the picture is that the proportion of women in law enforcement has plateaued. This is the most recent report as of 2016.
- Miscellaneous critique and evaluation:
- New Arrests of Pregnant Women (Alabama). A continuous update of women arrested because they are pregnant and allegedly ingesting drugs: the policing of pregnancy. This is an advocacy group devoted to protecting reproductive rights, especially those of minority women--one of the major targets of the war on drugs. As noted on their home page, "By focusing on the rights of pregnant women, NAPW broadens and strengthens the reproductive justice, drug policy reform, and other interconnected social justice movements in America today."
- Copwatch, a web site of complaints filed against police officers.
- Human Rights Watch, Shielded from Justice: Police Brutality and Accountability in the United States of America . A major report on the use of excessive force by police officers, and the problems of officer accountability for fourteen representative cities from late 1995 and early 1998.
- Use of Force by the Police , in PDF, from NIJ and BJS. A review of the literature on this important topic.
- ainst Police Brutality and the Criminalization of a Generation and their list of resources on police brutality. Stand Up Ag
- Online papers about the police by Gary Marx:
- Writings on social sontrol and policing
Legal Search and Reference
ACLU on Criminal Justice. This is a thoughtful web site dealing with core issues of the day.
ABA LawInfo.org. A consumer oriented site from the American Bar Association.
The Avalon Project. Yale University Law School's fledgling but provocative site that encourages comparative and historical thinking about law.
Defense Counsel in Criminal Cases. The state of criminal defense from the Department of Justice, dated 2000.
Federal Grand Jury. Federal and state grand juries are explained. The Federal Judicial Center, the research arm of the federal court system. They have set a good example for other research units to follow at all levels of government by putting their research reports on-line. You'll need to have Adobe's free Acrobat software to read the files. Instructions on downloading the software are available at the FJC web site.
FindLaw is an excellent general law-related search site that also provides access to the Federal Register. See also the newly released FindLaw Constitutional Law Center, an resource on the United States Constitution and the U.S. Supreme Court. The U.S. Supreme Court is an excellent subsection of FindLaw
GigaLaw.com is made by law professors and attorneys and provides law related information for technology and internet professionals. They mainly offer essays and articles on law, technology and related matters.
GPO Accessreplaced the old GPO Gate site, a complement to FindLaw.
Law.com. There's a lot of free stuff on this site about law for lawyers, students, and the public, but there are also obvious commercial aspirations. It includes the online and free version of American Lawyer and a dictionary of over 3000 legal terms. Enjoy it while it lasts.
Law Library of Congress, the "official" library of Congress, which among other things includes the digital resources of the Global Legal Information Network (GLIN), Multinational Collections Database, and the Guide to Law Online.
Political Campaign Finance Data
Up-to-date political campaign finance data are directly relevant to understanding how laws are formed and passed. Examine the links below to learn more about where candidate campaign contributions come from and how this relates to legal change:
- Center for Responsive Politics
The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, (1748, tr. Thomas Nugent 1752).
The U.S. Information Agency. Issues of Democracy, an electronic journal, contains internet sites on democracy and human rights themes. Here you will find the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, the U.S. Constitution, and descriptions and discussions of the executive, legislative and judicial branches. West's Legal Dictionary (listed above as FindLaw).
Courts and Court Decisions
Internet Library of Law and Court Decisions. Summaries of Internet-related court decisions. Select Internet Library in the menu and use the keyword search engine.
See the Native Tribal Justice Resource Center link (above).
The U.S. Supreme Court Justices Database. Described as a "multi-user, public database containing a wealth of information on individuals nominated (whether confirmed or not) to the U.S. Supreme Court," the databases and documentation were last updated on March 8, 2007. You can download excel spreadsheets, SPSS databases, etc.
Supreme Court Nominations. If you need to know how the process works this is the link for you.
Full-text US Supreme Court Decisions from 1937 to 1975! This includes 7,407 decisions, volumes 300 through 422, of the US Reports. The decisions can be accessed through keyword or case name search; available in ASCII format. Provided by the US Air Force FLITE (Federal Legal Information Through Electronics) system.
California's Legal System
Some very informative links about law in California.
- California Law: All 29 codes (penal, health & safety, fish & game, etc.) available online.
- Current State of Senate
- The Judicial Branch, State of California. This new site contains a vast amount of legal information about the California judicial system and links you with it. You can find, for example, the opinions of the California Supreme Court and Courts of Appeal, which are immediately updated, and the California Court System is shown in graphical form illustrating appellate and trial court systems.
- California Attorney General's Office
- Crime and Violence Prevention Center, also of the California Attorney General's Office, contains prevention materials on gangs, drugs, domestic violence, youth violence, child abuse, elder abuse and Community Oriented Policing and Problem Solving (COPPS).
- California Judicial System--Constitutional authority, scope, budget
- Supreme Court--Information on members, qualifications, jurisdiction
- There are also links to the Courts of Appeal (membership, jurisdiction), Superior Courts (membership, jurisdiction), Municipal Courts (membership, jurisdiction), Judicial Council (membership, committees, activities), Commission on Judicial Appointments (constitutional authority, function), Commission on Judicial Performance (constitutional authority, function), California Judges Association (functions), State Bar of California (constitutional authority, admission, certification, judicial nominees), Map of California Appellate Court Districts (counties included in each of the six districts), The Judicial Council, the Administrative Office of the Courts, and others.
- Another source of California judicial opinions
- California statutes
- Justice through art. This ebook was made possible by the Rockefeller Foundation, Columbia University, and Penland School of Crafts.
- The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Michelle Alexander's new book. This link takes you to a video of her discussing the book.
- See the latest policy decisions by the California legislature on the prison crisis at http://www.sonoma.edu/cja/info/default.shtml. The answer: build more prison space!
- Your Rights, Your Future: Preparing for Reentry
- The Vera Institute's section on Sentencing and Corrections.
- Alcatraz Island. From the online museum.
- Photos of San Quentin from the Heritage Collection, dated 1925-1935. See what San Quentin was like in the not-so-old days. You don't have to wonder why it's falling apart today. There are 355 photos, including
- American Jail Association Home Page
- Bureau of Justice Statistics: Correctionsv. Extensive information, and in a variety of forms, about offenders and the punishment system.
- The California Correctional Peace Officers Association [CCPOA]. This is one of the most powerful unions in California and a past supporter of three strikes and similar legislation. Given that three strikes legislation has had dramatic short-term and large anticipated long-term effects on prison population sizes it is easy to see CCPOA's self-interest in three strikes.
- California Department of Corrections Information Network. For the family of inmates in California prisons.
- California Prison Focus. See their Bay Area Prison links.
- California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. This is the largest correctional agency in the U.S.--recently renamed. The site currently includes:
- Adult Operations and Adult Programs.
- Adult Parole
- The Corrections Standards Authority, formerly the Board of Corrections, which sets standards in the State.
- Prison Industry Authority. This agency employs CDC inmates.
- Juvenile Justice Division (formerly the California Youth Authority the State's disposition for youthful offenders ("wards", unless that name has been changed too). These names and links come and go a lot now as things are reorganized, renamed, etc.
- The Corrections Connection Network. This extensive site provides links to the growth areas of corrections and seems to have an applied cast.
- The Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons has released Confronting Confinement, a critical evaluation of the world's largest prison system--the U.S. They have issued numerous reports and others are forthcoming. Download the lengthy report at this link.
- Correctional Education Connections. A site on reducing crime through educating inmates and other matters. The author is among those of us who have taught prison inmates.
- Here are articles about the world-famous Delancey Street, which you can reach by mail at 600 Embarcadero, San Francisco, CA 94107. Founder/manager Mimi Silbert has also received an award from the Western Society of Criminology. The articles:
- Families to Amend California's 3-Strikes. A group devoted to criticism and change of the California's three strikes law.
- The Family and Corrections Network--their latest effort to inform, support and empower families of offenders and their supporters.
- The Federal Bureau of Prisons
- Friends Outside, a national organization.
- Global Bibliography of Prison Systems, Version 1.0 in html; it is also available in PDF and Zip versions. This was Philip Reichel's sabbatical project, and a useful one for people who want to know all about international prison systems. This version has a thirty-two item subject guide. All of this is supposed to be updated too!
- Gulag: Soviet Forced Labor Camps and the Struggle for Freedom
- Health and Prisoner Reentry: How Physical, Mental, and Substance Abuse Conditions Shape the Process of Reintegration. Take this press release link to the actual study. From the Urban Institute.
- Some references on the impact of prisons on local crime levels is here.
- The Innocence Project. All about the exoneration of convicted offenders. They note that "This Project only handles cases where postconviction DNA testing of evidence can yield conclusive proof of innocence." This project has inspired an entire movement to find errors in criminal justice and make meaningful change in a system designed to make mistakes. Many cases of false conviction are not included in the Innocence Project, such as the March 21, 2006 release of Gregory Wallis after he spent 18 years in a Texas prison.
- International Centre for Prison Studies.
- National Center on Institutions and Alternatives. "The mission of the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (NCIA) is to help create a society in which all persons who come into contact with human service or correctional systems are provided an environment of individual care, concern and treatment."
- Pelican Bay Prison Project. Information for sharing about California's super-max prison.
- Correction Strategies: The Implementation of Prison Privatization.
- Public Safety Research: Prison Population. As states go broke they persist in a policy of mass incarceration, but some states are bucking the trend.
- Prison and Jail Inmates, by year.The latest statistics on the number of people in custody.
- Prison Resources and Links.
- The Prison Law Office. The center of a good deal of litigation regarding prisoner's rights in California.
- Prisoners' Rights, from the Cornell University site.
- Prison Scene, photo essay by Herman Krieger, includes photos of prisons in America. There are a few familiar ones from California--San Quentin, Vacaville, etc.
- The Re-Entry Policy Council, located in Washington, D.C. This is an extremely helpful web site on parole re-entry. Try these links:
- Report into Allegations of Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China
- The Sentencing Project. A very good source of data about national and international incarceration trends and related matters, with a critical edge.
- Smart sentencing. One judge's view.
- Sonoma County's official Friends Outside. A brief description of their program is described in the Sonoma County Profile. Friends Outside provides institutional and post-institutional help for accused or convicted offenders.
- Just Detention International (Stop Prisoner Rape, Inc.) A much needed and comprehensive web site dealing with sex abuse of all kinds in custody.
- The Stanford Prison Experiment. An overview of this famous experiment, with clips from selected portions of the experiment, voice over, and an order form.
- Mortality in Local Jails 2000-2007. for the U.S.
- Visit SuperCell, our crime control superhero!
- SUPERMAXED.COM. "An informational and educational Website about Supermax and Maximum Security Prisons."
- Virtual SHU. An "inside" look at Pelican Bay Prison.
- International Centre for Prison Studies, A Human Rights Approach to Prison Management. Handbook for prison staff. Second Edition. A gift to the world. Those who imprison must read and heed.
- World Prison Brief. Enjoy clicking the colorful map. Pick your country and learn who around the world is locking up more or less people in prisons. According to the 8th edition of this report, the U.S. has the highest prison rate in the world but other countries aren't flocking here to learn how to emulate us.
- Yahoo's collection on prison issues
Violence,Terrorism and Organized Crime
Developments in the areas of terrorism, violence and militias have increased in recent years, especially since 9/11, and before that the Oklahoma bombing, unresolved questions surrounding the explosion and crash of Flight 800 and sustained abortion clinic bombings. These links, and those found within them, may be helpful in understanding and interpreting these instances of violence. Is this the beginning of a tornado of violence that is about to befall the US or a continuation of past patterns of violence and terrorism?
- TRAC reports on Terrorism. This is a great site that tracks federal expenditures and resources on federal law enforcement.
- Country Reports on Terroris As noted on this page, "U.S. law requires the Secretary of State to provide Congress, by April 30 of each year, a full and complete report on terrorism with regard to those countries and groups meeting criteria set forth in the legislation. This annual report is entitled Country Reports on Terrorism. Beginning with the report for 2004, it replaced the previously published Patterns of Global Terrorism."
- Global War Against Terrorism. An aassessment of the war on terrorism from the Center for Strategic & Budgetary Assessments.
- Trac's Criminal Enforcement Against Terrorism, a report on the vigorousness with which law enforcement has approached terrorism before and after Sept. 11. There are some important statistics to learn there.
- RAND: Homeland Security. The RAND Corporation's page on homeland security. The publication entitled, "Evaluating the Viability of 100 Percent Container Inspection at America's Ports," is supposed to be eye-opening but we haven't read it.
- National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism. A memorial web site on the causes and effects of terrorism, and much more, including a virtual library with pretty extensive holdings, calendar of events, and a variety of useful information.
- The Memory Project. An impressive collection of materials (audio, visual, text, etc.) devoted to the memory of 9/11.
- After September 11: Perspectives from the Social Sciences. An updated collection of writings on terrorism in the wake of Sept. 11.
- The International Institute for Counter-Terrorism, a wide range of materials.
- Patterns of Global Terrorism, from the Secretary of State.
- Political Terrorism Database
- Organized Crime and Corruption Bibliographic Database
- Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption
- United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. There's information about a related conference available here as well.
- The Terrorist Profile Weekly
- Terrorism Research Center
- Emma's Domain contains numerous articles, links, etc. on terrorism, profiling, and related topics.
- One of the most persistent and serious American terrorist problems surrounds the bombing and arson of abortion clinics. Here are the latest statistics from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms' website on the number of bomb and arson attacks on abortion clinics over time.
- Nuclear Explosions Database. Geoscience Australia allows you to query their database of nuclear explosions from explosions around the world since 1945. We're not sure it belongs on this page but it could be helpful for those looking for patterns.
- Selected Works on Tyranny, which contains links to classic works on the topic.
- Militia Watch
- Other information on militias
- Here is information about the Montana Freemen
- Terrorist Group Index
- Covert Action Quarterly, an interesting looking journal.
- The World Wide Web of Terrorism.
- Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
- This is a selection from a book dealing with Combatting Terrorism.
- Terrorism and China. From the Hoover Institute. Go to National Security & Defense and then to "terrorism."
- Five chapters from Raddai Raikhlin, Civil War, Terrorism and Gangs: The System of Sociology and Social Dynamics.
- Yahoo's resources on serial killers has links that fall into this category.
- John Hagedorn's Gang Research On-Line. This is an important and helpful important web site about gangs, young and old. The message here is fundamental and powerful. The site reviews gang research, popular media about gangs, gangs around the world, and related matters. Good job, John! One way to look at the site is through its Gangs by the Letters index. Another is to begin with basics, like how do you define a gang?
- Making Sense of Darfur. A blog from the Social Science Research Council (U.S.).
- The Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy. This is a dazzling and award-winning web site that was created by a young Sonoma County student. The site incorporates a multimedia presentation on the holocaust (into which I would also include genocide). There is a wealth of information here, some obtained through Sonoma State University's Holocaust Studies Center, ranging from photos and sound files (e.g., interviews with survivors) to plenty of hypertext links to related sites and information.
- A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust. This well-done site contains teaching related materials as well.
- Cybrary of the Holocaust
- Eugenics Archive. Reproductive war with the lower class, justified with Darwinism and other ideologies. This issue is still very much alive.
- Nizkor Project
- Polish Center for Holocaust Research: Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Science
- The Lost Art Internet Database. This site includes goods stolen or transported due to persecution or National Socialism. Sponsored by Germany and its states.
- Yahoo's collection.
Someone once wrote that arson is the most neglected crime on earth; practice suggests that it is still neglected although the implied comparison might be questioned. See some of the above links under terrorism that deal with arson. In recent years there has been more attention to arson on the web, which is welcome.
The neglect of arson is reflected in the slow appearance of arson links on most web pages dealing with crime. Many of the links below deal with fire suppression or control. This is inevitable given the close relationship between suppression, control and determination of intentionally set fires.
- National Fire Protection Association
- interFIRE. A rich resource.
- International Fire Service Training Association
- National Center for Forensic Sciences
- Forensic Science Sources: Arson Investigation
- Western States Fire Information Resource
- Department of Justice, Fire and Arson Scene Evidence, for free in pdf or text.
The first of the big two manuals for fire investigators.
- User's Manual for NFPA 921. The second of the two big rulebooks for arson investigators. You have to pay for it.
Government Agencies: Federal, State & Local
- Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF). See their Arson and Explosives page in particular.
- FBI (search arson).
- National Interagency Fire Center. Wildland fires.
- California State Fire Marshall
- National Association of State Fire Marshals
- California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
- National Association of State Foresters
- International Association of Wildland Fire
- FireNet International - Germany (in english)
- International Association of Arson Investigators
- The London Professional Fire Fighter's Association.
"I think we ought to raise the age at which juveniles can have a gun." Former President Bush, 10.18.2000, St. Louis, MO
- The American Bar Assocation's Juvenile Justice Center
- BJS, U.S. Department of Education, Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2006. Many, many other reports on juvenile justice are available through the juvenile justice section of the National Criminal Justice Reference Service.
- Children Now. The state of children in California
- Children's Defense Fund Publications
- The Children in Prison Project, which advocates for improved prison conditions like better nutrition and education for juvenile inmates (13-15 years old) in adult prisons, received the prestigious Award for Excellence in a Public Interest Project from the Clinical Legal Education Association.
- Child Quest International: "dedicated to the protection and recovery of missing, abused and exploited children and at-risk adults."
- The Educational Equity Center and The Boys Project look at gender differences in success as measured in various ways (e.g., crime) and seek to correct differences between boys and girls by either directing attention to the needs of boys or by creating gender neutral strategies of education, inclusion, remediation, etc.
- Logging On and Losing Out: Dealing Addiction to America's Kids. The readily available game of digital poker has lots of consequences.
- Principles of Restorative Justice as applied to Juvenile Justice: The Leuven Declaration, see the link under the "System Critique and Reform" section below. Open your mind to alternative principles for transforming the juvenile justice system that do not merely center on punishment and more punishment.
- Juvenile justice in California is in a state of chaos at the state level and in its usual differentiated condition at the county level. The California Youth Authority now is the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) within the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR), and DJJ has been placed under the supervision of a federal court monitor. The Farrell v. Hickman litigation, consent decree and related materials are available on the CDCR web site at this link. Other materials related to this issue, such as the Special Master report, are at the Prison Law Office.
- CJCJ's list of juvenile justice resources.
- Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children. The latest study on how companies market videos, etc. with violent content to kids under eighteen.
- National Report on Juvenile Offenders and Victims, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Planning, is touted as the "most comprehensive source of information about juvenile crime, violence, and victimization..." See a great number of studies at their "Juvenile Justice General" research topic area.
- The Rest of Their Lives: Life without Parole for Child Offenders in the United States
- Human Rights Watch's length list of publications on Children's Rights from around the world.
- Youth Crime Gun Interdiction Initiative, by the Treasury Department's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, in PDF.
- Fragile Families and Child Well-Being, at the Columbia School of Public Health
- Juvenile Justice from NCJRS
- A few links to one of the most popular student paper topics (waiver). Remember to use appropriate citation for sources!
- FSU's Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse
- Gangs in Los Angeles County
- Idaho Youth Ranch. This ranch indicates that it uses balanced and restorative justice principles.
- The International Clearinghouse on Children, Youth and Media
- International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour
- Juvenile Justice Policy in the 21st Century Laurence Steinberg, Prof. of Psychology, Temple University and Donald W. DeVore, Director, Juvenile Services, Connecticut Department of Children and Families An experimental web site from Princeton. A podcast, streaming video, or whatever you'd like.
- Island Youth Programs-Texas
- National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
- The National Youth Teen Court Page
- National Youth Gang Center. We seem to have come a long way. Now we have frequently asked quetions page on gangs from NYGC.
- National Youth Network
- Restorative Justice: An Annotated Bibliography. Over 500 entries on the Prison Fellowship International web site.
- U.S. Justice Fund, Public Opinion on Youth, Crime, and Race: A Guide for Advocates. Building Blocks For Youth
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
- UNICEF Annual Reports:
- Youth Online Safety Grouping, Interdisciplinary Response to Youths Sexting. One group's recommendation for youth and administrators about how to manage the issue of "sexting" or minors sending nude pictures to one another.
- Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General
- Death Sentences and Executions. Source: Amnesty International
- Sentencing for Life: Americans Embrace Alternatives to the Death Penalty. From the Death Penalty Information Center. For Updated opinion polls take this link. Give Americans a viable alternative to death and they will choose it over execution.
- Urban institute, "The Cost of the Death Penalty in Maryland." Numerous studies have attempted to specify the costs of adjudicating capital cases and, as the General Accounting Office noted many years ago, research usually underestimates it. This study is probably no different but it does provide current data on Maryland's death penalty costs from 1978-99. The lifetime cost of sentencing someone to death averaged three million dollars, $1.7 millon of which is for adjudication costs and $1.3 millon for prison costs. This is nearly three times the cost of not selecting a capital eligible case for the death penalty.
- Death Penalty Focus, Californians for a Moratorium on Executions, located in San Francisco.
- California Commission on the Fair Administration of Justice. A Commission recently created by the California State Senate. Its charge:
- To examine the causes of wrongful convictions, and
- to make recommendations and proposals to further insure that the administration of criminal justice in California is just, fair, and accurate.
- Illinois Governor Ryan's Commission on Capital Punishment. A former republican governor facing flawed and irrevocable decisions.
- Before the Needles. An updated link to this venerable page, Rob Gallagher's contribution based on the ESPY Files. The death penalty before lethal injection.
- A Broken System: Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995, in pdf format. Of every capital conviction and appeal from 1973-1995 (about 5,500 decisions), 68 percent were thrown out on appeal.
- Capital Punishment, from the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
- Survey of the Federal Death Penalty System, 2000. The latest study of the federal system that finds widespread disparities in death sentences by race and geography.
- Staging an Execution: The Media at McVeigh. What was asked, and what wasn't, at Timothy McVeigh's execution. Shot in Indiana, funded by the Center for Comparative Law and Society Studies at UW. Also, here is an audio file (mp3) of a talk on the subject of televising McVeigh's execution.
- Death penalty executions: a continuous count, including the name of dead inmates, race, and type of execution.
- The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti. Historical materials can sometimes help us see the ways in which social context affects how political decisions are reached.
- Amnesty International. Reports on the execution of wrongfully convicted and innocent people in the US, around the world, and a wide range of other issues.
- Death Penalty readings, The Bruderhof Communities
- Critical Criminology's collection, which is very good.
- Bureau of Justice Statistics Corrections information on capital punishment
- The Death Penalty Information Center. A resource center for the public and media on the death penalty.
- Dead Man Talkin' by Dean. A death row inmate at San Quentin writes about life on the row.
- Manet and the Execution of Maximilian.
- Bedeau's evaluation of the death penalty used to be a free, but now you must pay $3.
- Ethics Videos on the Web. Go to Punishment and the Death Penalty. Lots of resources.
- Bibliographic References for Multicultural Perspectives on Domestic Violence in the U.S. by Natalie J. Sokoloff. This is a detailed and comprehensive bibliography! Never met you, but thank you Natalie S.
- Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs
A book that examines over a hundred studies on the effects of programs intended to deal with family violence. Definitely worth checking out.
- Family Violence Prevention Fund . This organization played a central role in getting the Violence Against Women Act passed in 1994. This site lists up-to-date links on current events in this area, including public policy changes.
- Human Rights Watch - Global Report on Women's Human Rights. As the sponsorship and content suggest, this gets at international abridgement of women's rights. This is a lengthy and depressing documentation and criticism of the abuse, prostitution, forced labor, and related oppression of women in many countries.
- National Sexual Violence Resource Center. See their Unspoken Crimes: Sexual Assault in Rural America.
- Rape as Social Murder. An account of the rape of anthropology professor Cathy Winkler written by Professor Winkler. Originally published in Anthropology Today.
- "Not Part of My Sentence" -- Violations of the Human Rights of Women in Custody, from Amnesty International.
- The Sonoma County Domestic Violence Policy Committee Final Report. This report examines the problem of domestic violence intervention and the criminal justice system in light of public response to the killing of Maria Teresa Macias by her husband. This link takes you to the Table of Contents. This link is repeated below under "Mostly Local."
- Cybergrrl has a good list of links.
- The Domestic Violence Project. A pretty big collection of studies and articles.
- The Women's Studies Resources page is very helpful too.
- Men Against Domestic Violence adds some more sources.
- Satore Township deals with workplace violence, including domestic violence, and aspires to much more--a kind of watering hole for criminologists and others on the internet.
- The Feminist Majority Foundation. See this vast and comprehensive site on feminism, including information directly relevant to criminology--e.g., reproductive rights, and gender apartheid in Afghanistan.
- See the section under "Terrorism" to learn about recent ATF data on arsons and bombings of abortion clinics.
- The Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner SART page. An updated site with an extensive collection on Sexual Assault Response Teams.
- Violence Against Women, a national online resource. See the listing of, among others, Marital Rape: New Research and Directions.
- See the World Criminal Justice Library Network bibliography. You have to scroll down to "Women and Domestic Violence.'
- The Lindesmith Center - Drug Policy Foundation, now joined together, offers the largest collection of full-text materials on drugs and drug policy, latest news headlines, discussion forums to share insights and ideas with other drug policy reform activists, tools and suggestions for 'taking action' on this issue, sign-up forms for e-mail alert lists, and other membership services.
- Drug Wars -- PBS _Frontline.
- Stop the Drug War - Drug Reform Coordination Network (DRCNET). Join their e-mail list to get the latest information on the drug war. The DRCNET site claims to have the world's largest on-line library of drug policy material. See, for example, "The American Drug Panic of the 1980s." Chapter 12 of Moral Panics: The Social Construction of Deviance by Erich Goode & Nachman Ben-Yehuda.
- National Household Survey on Drug Use and Health, with updates, by the Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). See the link above.
- Sentencing of drug offenders as a human rights violation. From Human Rights Watch (1997), "Cruel and Usual: Disproportionate Sentences for New York Drug Offenders." See also their 2006 Human Rights Watch Report.
- Rockerfeller Drug Laws Have Created Lockdown, USA (Video)
- Does Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) work? This is certainly enough positive hype out there. Here is an alternative view about the effectiveness of DARE.
- Drugs & Crime Facts - Bureau of Justice Statistics data on illegal drugs and the effect on the criminal justice system.
- CESAR A free bulletin board administered by the Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR). Available via FAX or e-mail.
- The Web of Addictions An index of web resources.
- The The Marijuana Policy Project.
- CJCJ's list of drug resources.
- The RAND Drug Policy Research Center. Among other things, see their free summary of a study on the ineffectiveness of mandatory minimums.
- The National Institute on Drug Abuse. See their link on Anabolic Steroid Abuse.
- Number of HIV-Positive State and Federal Inmates Continues to Decline.
- White Collar Crime Prosecutions Reach Five Year Low. In case you have been distracted by the penalties of convicted offenders in the Enron scandal, here's a report that will draw attention to the realities of enforcing laws against white collar crime and how prosecution is going down, not up.
- Corporate Media Reform Information Center An extensive list of links. Corporate control of media.
- The Corporate Crime Reporter
- The FBI's attempt at estimating white collar crime via NIBRS.
- Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), from the U.S. Treasury Department.
- Multimedia Monitor's "The Ten Worst Corporations of 2004"
- Corporate Predators
- Media Tenor: Institute for Media Analysis
- Halliburton Watch
- Wal*Mart Watch
- Political Scandal Scorecard
- Jeffrey Reiman and Paul Leighton, "Getting Tough on Corporate Crime? Enron and a Year of Corporate Financial Scandals"
- The Corporate Scandal Sheet
- The OMNI Center, Corporate Crime
- Jamie Court, "Soft On Corporate Crime"
- Ralph Nader, "A Corporate (Crime) State"
- Securities and Exchange Commission http://www.senate.gov/~gov_affairs/100702watchdogsreport.pdf
- GAO Report on SEC Operations
- Citizen Works, Corporate Crime Reporter
- The Department of Justice, Corporate Fraud Task Force
- William Lerach, "Plundering America: How American Investors Got Taken for Trillions by Corporate Insiders"
- William Lerach's,Enron Fraud
- Forbes' Wall Street Fine Tracker
- White Collar Crime Prof Blog
- Prof. John C. Coffee Jr.,"Limited Options"
- National White Collar Crime Center
- Corpwatch, which contains numerous articles on prison industries, sweatshops, tobacco, corruption, and the like.
- Corpwatch, "Congress to Force Agencies to Identify Fake News," May 3rd, 2005.
- Corpwatch, "Media and Publishing"
- Mark Leibovich, on Enron, the movie, "Ultimate Morality Tale," April 29th, 2005 at
- S. Metha, "Small Cinemas Screened Out of Major Releases"
- Dirt Diggers Digest
- Big Business Is Taking A Bite Out of Corporate Oversight
- SEC, NASD and Securities Law Information Center. For consumers who might have been defrauded by a mortgage broker and related information.
It is easy to become disillusioned in the field of criminology and criminal justice. Thinking about crime is presently filled with pessimism and seems to inevitably end up with prison or the death penalty as a dead-end (no pun intended) solution for all crime problems. The sites below express in varying degrees calls for progressive change and have optimistic tones. Please forward other links you know about.
- The Human Rights Web Home Page.
- Vera Institute of Justice. Prison reentry, alternatives to imprisonment, poverty, homelessness, etc.: an enormous site worth your time and energy.
- Contemporary Prison Issues.
- Peace, Human Rights and Social Justice.
- United States Institute of Peace - Conflict Resolution Sources.
- Peacemaking & Crime. On peacemaking in the U.S. and alternatives to the war on crime. This site contributes information about a forthcoming book and a few links.
- The Pacific Center for Violence Prevention, the San Francisco headquarters of the Violence Prevention Initiative, funded by The California Wellness Foundation. The Center designs and promotes policies to reduce violence among youth through a public health approach.
- National Center on Institutions and Alternatives: Innovation in Justice. A fantastic site: how and why things are wrong and creative, usable ideas about what can be done to change them!
- National Crime Prevention Council. Here lies one of the original 1970s organizations devoted to crime prevention, including McGruff the Crime Dog and a choices of topics from bullying to cybercrime.
- The Center on Crime, Communities and Culture, one part of the Soros Foundations Network. This nicely done site is also worth a visit.
- Criminal Justice Reform in California.
- Amnesty International.
- Prison Activist Resource Center. Home of JusticeNet & the Prison Issues Desk. Resources for organizers, educators and activists
- See the latest United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice recommendations at this site.
- United Citizens Legal Reform
- Paul's Justice Page: Stop the Violence
Restorative Justice Links
- Centre for Restorative Justice, Australian National University.
Home of the work of John Braithwaite, reintegrative shaming studies, and related matters.
- Center for Restorative Justice and Peacemaking. Mark Umbreit, one of the central figures in restorative justice, has been busy putting together this useful site, which has information about their training institute and published sources of information about restorative justice and related matters. Don't forget Mark Umbreit's article on restorative justice published in the inaugural issue of the Western Criminology Review.
- Restorative jusice.org. Restorative Justice Around the World. Prison Fellowship International has to be one of the best restorative justice sites around.
- Some Principles of Restorative Justice. Discussion about Restorative Justice is very much in the air. You can find it on the major listservs and discussion groups, as well as in current books and articles, including the first issue of the Western Criminology Review. Are we ready for a "paradigm shift"?
- Restorative justice links from the National Institute of Corrections.
- Principles of Restorative Justice as applied to Juvenile Justice: The Leuven Declaration
- Gregg Barak's, "Repressive versus Restorative and Social Justice: A Case for Integrative Praxis". Click on the Social Justice link.
- The Mennonite Central Committee's list of resources on restorative justice.Search the terms "restorative justice."
- Victim-Offender Reconciliation Program (VORP) Information and Resource Center
- Prison Fellowship Ministries (PFM).
- Educational Resources on restorative justice and related matters.
- The CERJ (Campaign for Equity-Restorative Justice) Home Page is on-line.
- Havens Center The Eugene Havens Center for the Study of Social Structure and Social Change at the University of Wisconsin promotes critical social thought. Among other things, see the archive recordings related to social justice movements and critical race theory.
- "Creating a New Criminal Justice System for the 21st Century:Findings and Results From State and Local Program Evaluations" Available in pdf or in ascii text. Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) documents that evaluate approaches in the criminal justice system and. summarizes various BJA task forces.
- The Education vs. Incarceration Clearinghouse. Publications and related sites on the trade-off of prisons and schools.
- Larry Sherman et al., "Preventing Crime: What works, What Doesn't, What's Promising," a crime prevention report.
- CJ the America's, Office of International Criminal Justice.
- Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. They now have an official webmaster.
- American Bar Association Division for Public Education
- The American Society of Criminology
- The American Sociological Association
- The British Society of Criminology. See their conferences and free articles posted at this site.
- The ASA Sociology of Law Section, which includes links to their informative AMICI Newsletter/publication.
- The California Sociological Association
- Canadian Criminal Justice Association
- Th eCritical Criminology Section of the American Society of Criminology
- The Criminal Justice Policy Foundation.
- Justice Research and Statistics Association. "State analysts turning policy into action."
- The Justice Studies Association
- The Law and Society Association
- The Mannheim Centre for European Social Research lists numerous forthcoming conferences in Europe and elsewhere.
- For the National Center for Women and Policing or go through the Feminist Majority Foundation
- The Pacific Sociological Association as well as their newsletters available for free.
- The Society for Applied Sociology
- The Western Society of Criminology
- The International Victimology Institute's INTERVIC
- An Princeton's updated list of sociology departments, along with numerous other resources. Criminologists are still found in sociology departments, and the majority of criminology courses are still taught by sociologists.
- Yahoo's listing of criminal justice organizations
- Academic Institutional Profiles, from the National Science Foundation
- A list of Academic Professional Organizations at Boulder.
Theory and Methods
- Free audio and video transcription programs:
- Research Methods Knowledge Base. The brief version of an online applied research methods book by William Trochim at Cornell University.
- The The Durkheim Pages. All about a central figure in the development of sociology and the study of religion, suicide, crime and the like, the French sociologist/philosopher Emile Durkheim. This is a very good site. It is intellectually informed. Some of it is full text (in french).
- Critical Criminology's page on theoretical issues. There is a lot for criminologists to consider here.
- Of Crimes and Punishments, 1764, by Cesare Becarria. The original text (translated).
- The Principles of Morals and Legislation, by Jeremy Bentham (1781)
- The Elements of the Art of Packing, As Applied to Special Juries, Particularly in Cases of Libel Law, Jeremy Bentham (written 1809, published 1821). The treatise on jury system abuses. Juries acquitted the publishers for printing this.
- The Mead Project. The life and works of George Herbert Mead and a whole lot more. A very informed source.
- Sarah Zupko's Popcultures.com (its new name) contains many links to theorists and their critics, including Foucault, Habermas, Marx & Engels, Nietzsche, Sartre, E.P. Thompson and others. (Sometimes this server is up and sometimes it is down.)
- Try AskPhilosophers for a change.
- Action Research International, a new online journal on evaluation/applied methods.
- Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Sources. Increasing analysis of media coverage, in the form of "newsmaking criminology" about crime or more typical reasons, almost by necessity takes you to content analysis methods. Their list of qualitative resources also contains conference information.
- Coding Analysis Toolkit (CAT). Qualitative data analysis tool. Open source. Updated and interesting.
- Online QDA, a UK web site for dealing with qualitative data analysis programs.
- The Question Bank: Social Surveys Online. A very nicely done web site with complete surveys online conducted in the UK.
- Resources for Methods in Evaluation and Social Research and their links to links.
- Screensite, a web site that "facilitates the teaching and research of film/TV/new media and is designed principally for educators and students."
- HyperStat Online. An introduction to statistics online book that at least some afraid-of-statistics-of-any-kind students will find user friendly. Check it out.
- Rice Virtual Lab in Statistics. A helpful resource for teaching and learning about such things as sampling distributions, confidence intervals, use and interpretation of experiemental designs, actual classical experimental designs related to aggression, and related matters. The generous author has made all the java script that drives the simulations and online programs freely available to educators.
- SticiGui. A great resource for java applets and related matters for statistical expressions on the web.
- The Knowledge Base: An Online Research Methods Textbook
- Ann Arbor's Summer Institute web page, which describes their training program in survey research techniques.
Web development information:
- Cascading Style Sheets; see also the CSS Zen Garden, which is simply wonderful.
- Scout Project. Go to the current issue and look under the topic of "Network Tools." Check out the past issues of this valuable resource.
- HTML Goodies, which has a number of useful tutorials.
- W3Schools. A resource for internet developers: a dozen tutorials for internet development: html and more complex stuff.
- The Yale web guide.
- New Media Studies: Web Culture, Design, and Reviews a Go-Go. A place to go for discussion about interesting things that are web-related.
- Krazydad's colorpicker. If you ever need some help in finding colors, and how to mix them, this is a special place to go if you like to linger and savor details of such things.
- Convert tab delimited spreadsheet to xml easily (for Moodle).
- CIELO, which stands for the California (State University) Image Exchange Library Online. Free images for CSU employees.
- Style/citation Manuals:
- Dictionaries and Other Reference
- Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography. This site is all about scholarly publishing on the web. Bring yourself up to date on what is possible!
- English Scholar.Com: A Compendium of Electronic Resources
- Cambridge International Dictionaries Online. Users can search the Dictionary of American English, International Dictionary of English, International Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs, and the International Dictionary of Idioms.
- OneLook Reverse Dictionary. The dictionary of words or phrases, with many possible uses.
- The ICYouSee Guide to the World Wide Web. A reference librarian's self-guided training for the world wide web.
- Graduate Schools in Criminology/Criminal Justice Here are schools with Ph.D. degrees in criminal justice. However, do not limit your search to these. Criminologists are also found in sociology, political science, anthropology, psychology, geography, and other departments.
- California and Out of State:
- See the American Society of Criminology's listing.
- California and Out of State:
- A partial list of programs offering joint Ph.D. and J.D.s.:
- Arizona State University, School of Justice Studies
- New York University, Institute for Law and Society
- Northwestern University Law and Social Science Program
- State University of New York at Buffalo, Baldy Center for Law and Social Policy
- University of California, Berkeley, Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program
- University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Sociology
- The Sociology of Law section of the ASA also has another list of joint Ph.D.-J.D. programs.
Please let us know if your school is not listed here!!
These are full-text, on-line journals, magazines, and some newsletters not elsewhere noted. This list is hardly comprehensive but most are free or were recently. Aside from price the major criteria for their inclusion here are interest and quality. Most journals coming "online" are merely advertisement for print journals and many make their materials available in pdf files. Over time many journals may become full-text online but they will probably charge the same fees they do now. Most of these are not noted here but can be found through any of the indexes of these listed below (e.g., the Association of Research Libraries or NewJour links, listed below).
When using these publications be sure to use appropriate citations (e.g., noted above) and follow copyright laws. Each listing is likely to have a copyright section that describes how the materials can be used or reproduced. The idea of on-line publication is still relatively new but longstanding rules related to reproduction and citation related to print journals still apply. As it pertains to music, this web site be of interest: Copyright Criminals: Music Sampling and Copyright Law.
Print journals are continuing to migrate to digital form and new ways of indexing and retrieving journals are redefining the industry. New journals are being created almost daily although in criminology this is proceeding very slowly. The world of publishing has changed in important ways during the past decade.
Hopefully libraries will be the big winners in this shift. However, that seems unlikely right now as libraries are hard hit by escalating costs of publication and huge markups by publishers. Some are arguing that scholars should return to the older model of relatively small scholarly journals controlled directly by professional organizations. We see evidence that this is happening--scholarly societies are recognizing that publishers are making a heap of money for not doing all that much that a scholarly society can do pretty well by itself.
Considering creating your own scholarly journal? Here is one link to a free, open access way to do it being used by the Critical Criminology section of the ASC. See the ALA's Scholarly Communication Toolkit.
As the Budapest Open Access Initiative notes, open access "is economically feasible, ...gives readers extraordinary power to find and make use of relevant literature, and...gives authors and their works vast and measurable new visibility, readership, and impact."
- Western Criminology Review: Official Journal of the Western Society of Criminology, now rebranded and housed at Scholastica. A currently open access scholarly journal for those who publish or who are interested in the interdisciplinary field of criminology and criminal justice.
- Alaska Justice Forum. Articles pertaining primarily to Alaska.
- All Academic: The Guide to Free Academic Resources Online
- The American Society of Criminology's list of criminal justice related journals. It also contains citations to scholarly articles that assess the the quality of journals.
- American University Law Review Page.
- APB Online. A free online magazine that is not surprisingly devoted to more sensationalistic stories. It has an atlas for finding serial killers at large and lists of serial killer books.
- Association of Research Libraries, Directory of Electronic Journals and Newsletters--an innovative directory.
- California Criminal Law Review--from Boalt Hall, the inaugural issue.
- Cannabis Culture, a newsletter of interest to criminologists and with links to some scholarly work.
- Carceral Notebooks. A new project that includes a journal. The first issue of the journal is on the borderland of criminal justice: casinos, gangs and pornography. One can predict a renewed emphasis on this borderland with the latest rise in fundamentalism associated with the Bush administration. Some predict we'll be adding abortion back to the border, which South Dakota and other bellweather statesare trying to do.
- Chinese Academic Journal Publications. This service for US researchers "is the first global resource sharing and document delivery program between American libraries and Chinese libraries." It will (for free) retrieve and mail full-text articles from Chinese academic journal articles.
- CIC Electronic Journals Collection
- Circuits, a New York Times weekly dealing with articles of interest on technology. You have to register (for free) with the Times first.
- Crime and Justice International: Worldwide News and Trends.Now at its new home.
- Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics, hardly a new journal; here nested in the Institute for Criminal Justice Ethics at John Jay.
- Criminal Organizations, a quarterly newsletter.
- Critical Social Work. Here is social work addressing questions of social justice in a wider context. Is it a more expansive view than the older one criticized by C. Wright Mills in his classic essay on the professional ideology of social pathologists?
- Digital Technology Law Journal
- Duke University School of Law Journals. Full text of six journals:
- Duke Law Journal
- Law and Contemporary Problems
- Duke Environmental Law
- Policy Forum
- Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law
- Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy
- Alaska Law Review
- Electronic Journal of Comparative Law
- The Online Quarterly Review of Crime, Ethics and Social Philosophy (ERCES), a new interdisciplinary international journal, is the official journal of the European & International Research Group on Crime, Ethics and Social Philosophy.
- Ethics and Justice
- The Federal Courts Law Review. A nicely done electronic journal. Prepare for frames.
- The Future of Children
- Health Law/Jurisprudence (in Spanish)
- HiWire Press's List of Free, On-Line Articles
- Images: A Journal of Film and Popular Culture
- This journal is definitely worth a look!
- Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies. A faculty-edited, peer-reviewed interdisciplinary journal focusing on the intersections of global and domestic legal regimes, markets, politics, technologies, and cultures.
- Injustice Studies. A journal devoted to injustice around the world.
- Intellectual Property and Technology Forum (IPTF). This link and http://infoeagle.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/law/st_org/ipg/iptf/ contain news and articles on intellectual property and technology law. This online publication is maintained by law students at Boston College Law School.
- The International Journal of Drug Testing.
- Internet Legal Practice Newsletter. A monthly newsletter on the internet and legal practice.
- Internet Writing Journal. A free journal that is all about publishing on the internet.
- The Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture. This is their updated link.
- Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. Their new but temporary home.
- Journal of Electronic Publishing has a special issue on case studies of electronic-only journals--all scholarly in nature. Some central ingredients of the future of publishing may be found here.
- Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation
- Journal of the Oklahoma Criminal Justice Research Consortium. This is also circulated in paper. The 1996 issue includes the following articles: "Backfire: When Incarceration Increases Crime" by Todd R. Clear; "The Next Generation: Children of Prisoners," by John Hagan; "Growing Up Behind Bars: Confinement, Youth Development, and Crime," by Carl S. Taylor; "Bearing the Burden: How Incarceration Weakens Inner-City Communities," by Joan Moore; "Adding It Up: The Economic Impact of Incarceration on Individuals, Families, and Communities," by Harold Watts and Demetra Smith Nightingale; "Moral Reconation Therapy and Problem Behavior in the Oklahoma Department of Corrections," by Robert Brame, Doris Layton MacKenzie, Arnold R. Waggoner and Kenneth D. Robinson; six additional articles; and a book review by Michael Connelly.
- Journal of On-line Law
- Journal of Statistical Software
- Justice Policy Journal. Online journal of CJCJ.
- Justice Denied: A Magazine for the Wrongly Convicted
- Law and Politics
- The Redfeather Institute's Journal of Postmodern Criminology
- Law Journal EXTRA! A site for lawyers and others.
- LawMarks, a legal resource database, contains a directory of law journals, among other things. Many of the journals listed charge a subscription fee but some do not.
- NewJour. A comprehensive and updated listing of journals and newsletters.
- Picturing Justice: The On-Line Journal of Law and Popular Culture. A University of San Francisco online journal.
- Prison Connections: A Newsletter of Prison Activism in New England. A well-done newsletter by the Western Massachusetts Prison Issues Group.
- The Qualitative Journal. Studies using or about qualitative methods.
- Reconstruction: Studies in Contemporary Culture, a look at a wide range of cultural phenomena from a postmodern perspective. Published quarterly, a recent issue deals with online gaming.
- Russian Sociological Forum
- Science and Justice. The official organ of the California Association of Criminalists.
- Sociology Research Online has some criminological articles. This journal has also done a great job of educating the world about online publishing. However, they are about to charge a subscription fee. Enjoy it while it lasts.
- Theology Journals Online -- St. Mary's University. Fifty or so journals, many of which are free.
- Trends and Issues in Crime, Australian Institute of Criminology. They include a section on restorative justice.
- Web Journal of Current Legal Issues. Go to the Index to find current and past issues.
A few other listings/indexes:
- A listing of criminal justice on-line periodicals/serials
- The Internet Public Library of serials, all subjects, arranged alphabetically.
- Law-related electronic journals and newsletters
- A law review and scholarly law periodicals directory backed by Anderson Publishing. Essentially it is an alphabetical listing sans hypertext links.
- Other web links for Online News and Zines can be found below.
- Choice Web Reviews. For librarians and others looking for reviews of web sites. URLs only.
- Collection Management and Scholarly Electronic Publishing Resource. This looks like a very helpful bibliographic source on scholarly electronic publishing.
- John Labovitz's E-Zine-List, the most comprehensive list of e-Zines around.
- Online Film Journals. From the University of Illinois. Their site contains a link to a link on film noir at U C Berkeley worth checking out.
Google Groups offers a simple way of finding groups and creating them.
These are e-mailing lists (listservs), other newsletters, and/or discussion groups, which might involve participating in ongoing discussions in the field. Most are free. Some members never get involved in discussion groups and only "lurk."
A recent center of discussion is Talk Left : self-described "Liberal coverage of crime-related political and injustice news", which is worth checking out. It's a blog and you can subscribe or just lurk.
To subscribe to some listservs, send a message to the listserv address. Leave the subject area blank, and type in the specified information in the body. For example, to sign up for the mailing list of CJUST-L, address your e-mail to LISTSERV@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU. Leave the subject blank and type SUBSCRIBE CJUST-L <Your><Name> in the body without the < >s. (You may leave out your name if you wish.) Send the message.
If your browser supports the mailto: tag just click on the highlighted listserv addresses to send the message. Be sure to put CJUST-L <your name> (without the < >s) in the body of the message and leave the subject blank.
Please note: many listservs are changing rapidly because of upgraded software in this area. If you go through Google, for example, you bypass these procedures entirely.
- CJUST-L on LISTSERV@CUNYVM.CUNY.EDU (Criminal Justice Discussion List)--can be high volume <> subscribe cjust-l Your Name Now you can sign up and/or review the archives at their web site or send an e-mail message to firstname.lastname@example.org with the word "subscribe" in the body. This is an open listserv.
- H-Childhood on LISTSERV@h-net.msu.edu
- In the body of the mail type
- SUBSCRIBE H-Childhood firstname lastname, institution
- HECNEWS-DIGEST Alcohol and other drug abuse preventionn in higher education. Fill in your name and e-mail address and click the submit button.
- ACTION on email@example.com
(ACLU's Action List) subscribe action
- JCENTRE on firstname.lastname@example.org
(Prison Fellowship International list) subscribe jcentre
- JUSTICE on email@example.com subscribe justice
- JUSTLINKSon firstname.lastname@example.org
- LAWOBSERVER on email@example.com (A newsletter on law and computers) subscribe lawobserver
- LEGALTEN on firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of LEGALTEN is to facilitate the implementation and use of rigorous evaluations at the inferface of the mental health system, the criminal justice system, and the courts. Questions contact Sharon Shea at email@example.com
- MANISSES - Information for the addiction, mental health, and children's sservices fields. Fill in your e-mail address and click thhe JOIN LIST button.
- Various list archives on methods, statistics and related matters. There is also a link on how to subscribe to any of these listservs or mailing lists.
- AMNESTY-L on firstname.lastname@example.org
News list of Amnesty International. subscribe amnesty-L
- PRISON-L on email@example.com
- (Was a discussion list on prison issues and topics hosted by Yale University) SUBSCRIBE PRISON-L FirstName LastName
- (List for probation practitioners in England) Go to their web site to add yourself.
(Private list for professors of criminal law and criminal procedure) subscribe crimprof your name, your title, your institution
- Justice Web List, a discussion forum (and much more) for criminal justice webmasters. To join the justice web list you must go to http://www.justinfo.net and register. Once you've joined you can then go to the Justice Web list. (A discussion list for criminal justice webmasters.) This list replaces the older CJHTML list.
- DEATHPENALTY on LISTPROC@ASSOCDIR.WUACC.EDU
(Capital punishment list) subscribe deathpenalty Your Name
- JTO . Click the SUBSCRIBE button under the JTO Direct section. Substance abuse/gun violence information.
- JUSTINFO on LISTPROC@ASPENSYS.COM
(An electronic newsletter on new criminal justice publications, plus agency news) subscribe justinfo Your Name
- JUVJUST on LISTPROC@ASPENSYS.COM
(NCJRS Juvenile Justice news) subscribe juvjust Your Name
- LACC on LACC-REQUEST@SUBURBIA.NET
(Computer Crime, databases) subscribe lacc Your name
- UNCJIN-L is now gone! (7/30/97) <> (It was the United Nations Criminal Justice Information Network)
- EJINTVIO on LISTSERV@URIACC.URI.EDU
(Electronic Journal of Intimate Violence (EJINTVIO)) subscribe EJINTVIO Your Name
- FORENS-L on FORENS-REQUEST@ACC.FAU.EDU
subscribe forens-l Your Name A forensics discussion group.
- HECNEWS-DIGEST on firstname.lastname@example.org. subscribe hecnews-digest. Alcohol & drug abuse prevention in higher ed.
- HR-LAW on email@example.com
(The Human Rights Law Mailing List is for law students studying international human rights or humanitarian law, or who are just interested in the subject.)
- Yahoo Groups related to crime. Take the link to subscribe to over 20 categories of groups that discuss an incredibly wide selection of topics, from CSI to the death penalty and crime prevention; looked at another way, there are thousands of discussions that have crime as a topic.
- SOCLAW-TALK on firstname.lastname@example.org
subscribe soclaw-talk Your Name The sociology of law section of the American Sociological Association.
- BAYLEFT on email@example.com sub bayleft FirstName LastName (BAYLEFT is an e-mail list for news and events of interest to the San Francisco, CA Bay Area left. It is moderated.)
- DAS-L on firstname.lastname@example.org
subscribe DAS-L email@example.com (Discussion of drug alcohol studies)
- EVALTALK on firstname.lastname@example.org (Discussion of evaluation research) subscribe EVALTALK firstname lastname
- 3STRIKES on LISTSERV@CMSA.BERKELEY.EDU
subscribe 3strikes (Discussion of the three strikes law)
- NetAction Notes on email@example.com
subscribe netaction (Using the internet to advocate public policy change. Not a heavy traffic list.)
- Copyright-Online-L on firstname.lastname@example.org sub Copyright-Online-L <your name> or do the tutorial at Indiana University Online Copyright Tutorial.
- DejaNews, now Google Groups (Beta) also connects you with newsgroups and discussion groups.
- AMNESTY-L on email@example.com
- California Legislative Analyst's Office Profile of Criminal Justice. This page contains the following: A Profile of State Government Programs and Finances in California for a variety of agencies, including criminal justice. The criminal justice profile includes an Overview, Crime and the Criminal Justice System, Juvenile Populations, Adult Populations and the Judiciary. Extensive statistics and interpretations are provided. A terrific resource!
- The California State University Data Archive at CSUK-Los Angeles. Available to CSU faculty and students only.
- California's Office of Criminal Justice Planning (killed by budget cuts!)
- The Delancy Street Foundation.
- Domestic Violence Policy Committee Final Report. This Report was prepared by the Domestic Violence Policy Committee, a committee appointed by the Sonoma County Sheriff and the District Attorney in July 1996. The Committee wrote this report on the problem of domestic violence intervention and the criminal justice system. This report makes findings, comments and recommendations in light of public response to the killing of Maria Teresa Macias by her husband. This link takes you to the Table of Contents. (Revised 6/12/97)
- The Irascible Professor. Biting and provocative commentary from a CSU professor. The Feb. 6, 2003 commentary is "Something's Not Computing Here," with respect to the CSU plan to increase enrollments 5% while cutting the budget 10%.
- The Klaaskids Foundation for Children, started by Marc Klaas and the Klaas Foundation for Children, includes information on child-related databases; prevention tips; and other matters.
- The Marin County Public Defender's Office.
- A Profile of Sonoma County Criminal and Civil Justice Agencies, which contains the initial and ongoing results of a survey of justice agencies in Sonoma County first begun during the Spring, 1996 semester by Pat Jackson and a former undergraduate CJA major, Sheryl Braun. This document is frequently accessed. The information will be updated and will hopefully be expanded as local agencies come on-line. This is exploratory research that has been undertaken to see what fruits it might produce locally.
- Sonoma County Crime, Violence and Abuse. Scroll down to "Crime."
- A Primer: Three Strikes: The Impact After More Than a Decade is an empirically grounded and reasonable study of California's three strikes law. See a summary and discussion of this report at http://www.sonoma.edu/users/j/jackson/archives/2005_12.html. The law is extremely costly and yet ineffective.
- "California's New Three-Strikes Law: Benefits, Costs, and Alternatives," a RAND Corporation Research Brief. The source of the complete study is included after the summary. You'll have to pay for the latter. You may wish to check out RAND's holdings while you're there, particularly the recent one on mandatory minimums.
- The following press release, issued by the Northern California Society of Professional Journalists, deals with why you should be concerned about the California prison ban on inmate-media contacts. This situation has actually deterioriated. At present, the press now only has a right to witness executions. Reprinted with permission.
- The Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, located in San Francisco. See their growing list of publications about important public policy topics in California.
- The National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Along with CJCJ, one of the West Coast's progressive forces for social change.
- Criminal Justice Statistics Center: crime statistics for Sonoma County or any California county for that matter. From the Office of the Attorney General, Stat.e of California. This site has easy-to-read tables available for downloading on a wide range of topics.
- Don't miss SuperCell, our Crime Control Superhero!
- The San Francisco District Attorney's Office, which has dared to defy California's three strikes law.
- Sonoma County MOVES - Minimizing Occurances of Violence in Everyday Society. The MOVES 1995 Day on Non-Violence Community Forum Conclusions.
- Mendocino County Local Government Internet Resources
- The Sonoma County Human Resources Department has replaced the former Internship Program. Register here to learn of internships and jobs.
- Where to learn about available jobs, resume writing and interviewing at SSU. There are also many other resources that you can reach here using the Career Center's self-directed career planner.
- Career services at SSU and beyond:
- There is JobStar Central for job hunters in Northern California.
- The Press Democrat, a local paper owned by the New York Times, has listings for jobs in (mostly) Sonoma County. Go to the job hunt link in the Classified section.
- Graduate programs in crime, criminal justice, forensics--you name it.
- Graduate Record Examination (GRE) Online
- Other national job search links and/or resume services include CareerMosaic, CareerPath, and Resume Guide, Monster Board, Headhunt (Legal Job Sites) and Online Career Center, to name a few.
- Job Choices Online.
- The latest edition of the Bureau of Labor Statistics biannual Occupational Outlook Handbook, which has employment projections, current salaries, etc. for most occupations or classes of occupations. Students facing graduation report liking this site, but many others doubtlessly will.
- The Chronicle of Higher Education job bulletin
- Law School Admission Council Online may be of interest to prelaw students.
- The two schools for forensics education short of going into law enforcement itself are 1) (in California) CSU-LA in the criminalistics option (the building in which this program is houses also co-houses the combined LA Police Department and LA Sheriff Department crime labs!) and 2) in New York the John Jay College of Criminal Justice Masters in Forensics. The great thing about these schools is that they provide appropriate and necessary context for forensic work in the field of criminal justice. Narrower programs such as minors in forensic science are of limited use and lack appropriate disciplinary context.
- Forensic Science Resources from NCJRS
- Zeno's Forensic Site
- Forensic Science Society
- The ALA's Criminal investigation and forensic science: Sources for scholars and aficionados (a bit dated, 2003).
- Regional Computer Forensics Laboratory: Program Annual Report. The state of crime labs is central to the forensics function as it is understood in popular culture. However, some of the best research suggests that the quality of lab work doesn't affect conviction vs. nonconviction decisions but is more important at sentence. See Peterson et al., "The Uses and Effects of Forensic Science in the Adjudication of Felony Cases." Journal of Forensic Sciences 32/6:1730-1753.
- FirstGov. A portal to 20,000 government web sites, including over 27 million web pages.
- The SSU library has compiled a good resource for searching governmental agencies. (See also "Law and the Courts" to find California links.) Look hard enough and you will find very useful sources of information for studying state government and the development of law.
- This site contains links to Bay Area local government. The contents are changing very rapidly as government agencies come on line. An excellent link to the Bay government web world.
- Public policy links from the Public Policy Institute of California.
- The California Law Revision Commission. This has search capabilities and downloadable documents.
- What list of local information sources would be complete without addresses of our local elected representatives and how to contact them. Most officials are not on-line but an increasing number are.
- Sonoma County cities have come on-line. These sites and the links from them also provide glimpses of the beauty of the county as well as basic information about government.
- Perceptions of crime are strongly conditioned by press coverage and unrelated to objective crime levels. Documentation of this finding is widely available (see, for example, R. Surette, Media, Crime and Criminal Justice: Images and Realities. Here are some free newspapers that are available on-line. They might charge a fee some time soon so enjoy them while you can:
- The American Journalism Review has what seems to be a comprehensive listing of newspapers. You have to go to each and find the free ones.
- The Los Angeles Times
- The New York Times
- Times of London
- San Francisco Chronicle/Examiner
- San Jose Mercury News
- USA Today
- Seattle Times
- Sydney Morning Herald
- Irish Times
- The Hill. Selected articles about life in Washington D.C. for Hill Watchers. Some of the articles are free, which is why it's listed here.
- Electronic Privacy Information Center. Review and analysis of fundamental issues of privacy on the net and beyond.
- Alana Maurushat, "Data Breach Notiication Law Across the World from California to Australia, " 2009. A survey of the state of law on data breaches in 25 countries, including the U.S.
- The Civil Rights page. A cyber-response to hate speech on the web. This site has the report on "Justice on Trial: Racial Disparities in the American Criminal Justice System" in html or pdf.
- Constitutional Limits on Hate Crime Legislation (PDF; 73 KB) from the Congressional Research Service (via OpenCRS)
- Index on Censorship
- FBI Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room . A subject based guide to declassified materials in the FBI's databases that have been made available because of the Freedom of Information Act. Topics include famous persons, historical interest, espionage, violent crime, gangster era, and unusual phenomena.
- OpenNet Initiative OpenNet Initiative is concerned with how internet access is monitored.
- Emma Goldman. Noted anarchist who spoke about, among many other things, free speech.
- Voices of Civil Rights. A joint project by the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), the Library of Congress and the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) includes an archive of stories regarding the civil rights movement (both current and past), and much more.
- Martin Luther King:
- Powerful Days: The Civil Rights Photography of Charles Moore. Photographs of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960s, from the rioting of segregationists to the Ku Klux Klan.
- Sonoma County Japanese American Citizen's League. This site will soon have oral histories of 60 interviewees who previously were taken to WW II relocation camps in 1942.
- Ansel Adams's Photographs of Japanese-American Internment at Manzanar
- Civil Rights Oral History Interviews: Spokane, Washington.
- International Civil Liberties Report of the ACLU International Human Rights Task Force.The ACLU's page.
- Hollywood 10. A site devoted to the 1947 House on Un-American Activities Committee hearings on Hollywood screenwriters and a director as Communists. Unclear authorship.
- Digital Freedom Network. Challenges to the freedom of expression around the world, focused on journalism. This is a link to their censored material, from around the world.
- Banned Books On-line
- TheKen Marcus Position Paper on Affirmative Action and Non-Discrimination.
- The Flag-Burning Page, or many of them. It is more than a virtually burning issue.
- The IACP's "Protecting Citizens' Civil Rights Project"
- U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section.
- The Sonoma State University home page.
- The SSU Campus Department of Public Safety web page has a table showing the (very low) amount of serious crime at the SSU campus from 1992-present. The Clery Act data are updated regularly.
- Social Science Research Data Are Available On-Line at this url for Sonoma State University faculty and students only. Use this resource to obtain data from ICPSR, The Field Institute's California Field Poll, The Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, and/or Census data. Request an account by telneting to venus.calstatela.edu, port 3501.
- Art Crimes: The Writing on the Wall. Links to grafitti all around the world.
- The Library Law Blog. For helpful information about libraries. Another helpful website, Crime in the Library, appears to have been discontinued.
- Sherlockian.net. A metasite on stories of Sherlock Homes, A.C. Doyle, Sherlock web sites, books, movies, critique, etc.
- Quatloos! -- Cyber-Museum of Scams and Frauds...
- American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Yes, there are criminal law violations in this area too.
- Legaldocs. A free site on how to create your own legal documents.
- Crime Index - The Internet Archives, all about serial killers. It is sensationalistic.
- WCSU List: Sociology Internet Resources
- Yahoo's links on body art.
- A tattoo history source book that includes references.
- Child Molester Identification Line.
- The National Association of Securities Dealers web site contains background information on brokers and ways to submit a complaint about one.
- Hunger in America. Based on discussions with 52,000 people, here is a portrait of hunger in America. Check out who funded the research!
- QuackWatch: Your Guide to Health Fraud, Quackery, and Intelligent Decisionmaking. An important and practice site about quacks of all stripes.
- ConsumerLab.com, an independent lab that checks the claims of drug makers, vitamin and supplement makers. The site may help you get a handle on the sinful advertisement of legal drugs today.
- Meta Search Engine for Searching Multiple Human Rights Sites. It searches any or all of 23 different rights-related sites.
- Invincible Cities. A photographic look at cities designed with crime prevention in mind, or not.
- Public Interest Registry. A search engine for books on crime and other topics.
- Various public web pages for the Hell's Angels:
- Secrets of the Spies. An interactive CBS documentary. If you've been to the Spy Museum in the D.C. area there won't be any surprises here.
- Airplane safety data.
- AlterNet.org, WireTap and SPIN.
- California Flood/Emergency Information
- The California Conservation Digital Atlas. Digital life in California takes a big step forward. Go through the tutorial before trying to enjoy the bounties of this site, which looks at California in a variety of ways.
- Coffin Nails: The Tobacco Controversy in the 19th Century. The history of cigarette smoking. Lots of pictures and stories about this modern-day health and social problem.
- The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons' Complete Home Medical Guide (3rd edition), a consumer and professional searchable reference source. There are 34 chapters on health, from the system itself to treatment and taking medicines. Wow!
- The Encyclopedia Britannica. The real banana--for free.
- Find A Grave. A free way to search for the graves of ancestors, relatives or others.
- Gray's Anatomy.
- The Internet History Archive. Using the Wayback Machine, you can examine the history of a web site. For example, you could check out federal agencies and how they have changed the content of their web sites to now exclude references to condoms; in their place one might now find an embracement of, say, abstinence. Anyway, there are some empty spots in Wayback's history, but it's interesting nonetheless. Through here you also gain access to the noteworthy National Children's Digital Library. and the Million Book Project.
- For locals, the latest local earthquake information. Nonlocals can find a link to other places of interest.
- Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research. This center has some serious funding from Federal sources.
- Medical Board of California--to check out your medical doctor's license, complaints, disciplinary actions, etc. or to help you shop for a doctor.
- The Open Video Project. Type the subject of crime in and you will be able to download various videos open to the public.
- The Pantheon. Learn about the Greek world of gods and goddesses.
- The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire. An extremely well done photographic and textual history of the 1906 earthquake and fire. This site requires several visits. There's a 360 degree panoramic view of the city after the quake from the top of the Fairmont; a brief but excellent history of the city and its people; a detailed look at the fire department; and extensive resources available for this period.
- Typhoid Mary--The Most Dangerous Woman in America, from NOVA. This site is all about the notorious Irish immigrant, Mary Mallon, who came to be known as "Typhoid Mary". The good part about this web site is that it is tuned to public health issues and the societal reaction to Mary Mallon. It includes many of the ingredients for a fresh look at the notion of a "master status" and labelling theory.
- Vital Records Information, with links to counties in California and the entire US. It's not comprehensive right now but there's a potential. There are also links to genealogical societies.
- Aerial Photographs and Atlases from Microsoft's Terraserver, the National Atlas of the United States, and a text version of the National Atlas of the United States. For people interested in aerial photographs, satellite images, or maps. Find what you want, but then you have to payfor it.
- AncientScripts.com. A student of linguistics has put together this site as an introduction to writing systems. Kids will love the introduction to Egyptian Hieroglyphs or Cherokee syllabary and who knows what else.
- Astronomy.com All content is free at the online version of Astronomy magazine. All kinds of information is here--star charts, space news, a beginner's section, feature articles, stuff for parents and teachers, photos, discussion forums, etc.
- Audio tapes are available by mail through this link. Commercial links are minimized on these pages but this one is unusual in that it provides a much-needed resource for the elderly and disabled (among others), is cheap, and is simply not known about. I do not know the owners or the quality of service. There's a useful search engine, subject index and search engine.
- Bach Digital. For music lovers. A rich, intelligent site that provides audio clips and images of original scores written by Bach (and others). Prepare to become worldly at this site.
- Baseball Library. Self-advertised as the greatest collection of baseball history on the web. It is pretty impressive.
- Bob Corey's Photography. A dozen photographs from The Other California from the late Bob Corey.
- The EndofFree, a web site that documents the end of the web as a medium for the distribution of information freely and for free, or something like that. It includes an archive.
- Jimmy Carter, the former president and now nobel peace prize winner.
- California: Vital Statistics Data Tables. California Department of Health Services site with data on births, deaths, marriages, and divorces in the Golden State from 1990 to 1998, for 1994-1998 the tables compare California vital statistics to the nation or by county. There is also a link to a listing of publications of data by the department. Keep it coming, California.
- The Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval. A site set up to permit information retrieval of varied databases. A not-so-user friendly interface but maybe you can make sense of it.
- Craig's list, frequently updated, which taps into the life of the San Francisco Bay Area and now much of the world. There are leads on housing, jobs, events, people and much more.
- E-Conflict World Encyclopedia. An online encyclopedia with maps, weather, geography, and other information for any country. For kids there are audio versions of the national anthems and images of the flags for each country.
- Everyrule.com, games and rules for games for kids and adults.
- Feminist Theory Website
- Free software of all types for all platforms are available a variety of locations. Some sites, like http://www.shareware.com and ZDNet check for viruses.
- Guinness World Records. The real thing online.
- Internet Scout's Weblog.
- Jazz Roots: Early Jazz History.
- Little Explorers Picture Dictionary for kids.
- Live cams from around the world by Web Voyeur.
- Macau: A Selection of Cartographic Images. There is a real pirate's map here.
- Mapquest, which provides driving directions to where you may want to go. Expedia.com is also helpful.
- The Megalithic Portal. Megaliths, like Stonehenge, in the world, especially the UK and Ireland.
- MovieLens. This is a "free personalized movie recommendation service" from the University of Minnesota. Enjoy.
- Price's List of Lists (lists/ranks of everything conceivable, including crime in cities; maybe they'll rank megalinks of criminology some day!).
- The Psychedelic 60's: Literary Tradition and Social Change. An exhibition of the 1960's in all its glory. Actually an annotated bibliography.
- Recalls.gov. Recalls of a wide range of goods. Sign up for a newsletter that lets you know when they occur.
- Speechtips.com. Constructive advice on giving a speech for many occasions.
- University of California History Digital Archives A digital archive of the history of each University of California campus, along with other information.
- Webopedia. A dictionary of terms related to computers and the internet.
- This Women's Studies site is worth a visit.
- The Works of Edgar Allen Poe. Almost all the poetry and short stories of Poe. A clean and efficient site. Prepare yourself for the Pit and the Pendulum, The Tell-Tale Heart, The Cask of Amontillado, plus a lot of lesser known pieces.
- The World Population Clock. As of 3.15.16, for example, the number is 7312,095,490.
- Finally, the local weather (i.e., Santa Rosa, California). Most larger neighboring cities are available.
- A memorial page for the late Edwin M. Lemert, a Dean of deviance and father of diversion in America. Among other things, John Laub's interview with Ed Lemert is reprinted here with permission. Don't miss the latest authoritative work on Ed's publications co-authored by Ed's nephew Charles and Mike Winters.
- SOCIOSITE (The Social Science Information System at the University of Amsterdam) "Making sense of the Internet for social scientists." This site is more inclusive than crime. It seems to do a good job of including significant sites and is annotated.
- Institut für Kriminologie der Universität Tübingen. This site is mostly in German but some is in English. You could use Google's translator to make your way through the site. In the next year or so they hope to have a version in English.
- NOTE: Much of the early, provocative work in the field that brought together large collections of web sites on criminology and criminology have disappeared or been replaced or taken over by commercial interests (often advocating distance learning) or publishers' web sites plugging authors of criminological books.
You have reached the end of The Redwood Highway, which begins in Northern California. We hope you enjoyed your visit. Some of our links are updated regularly while others. Come back soon!