Anthropology 500: Proseminar
Fall 2016 Final Presentations
Set up and Refreshments
Effects of multiple management strategies on the activity budgets of captive bears
In order to assess the influence of multiple management strategies on activity budgets, 3 adult female sun bears will be observed at Oakland Zoo in California. Activities will be measured by one-hour focal samplings of each bear, during all treatment phases. Removing the bear’s ability to see the zookeepers and adding an enrichment device to promote more foraging behaviors will be examined. These treatment phases will be tested both separately and in combination with each other to test the effectiveness of increasing the display of more natural behaviors while decreasing stereotypic behaviors and inactivity. Lastly, this study will examine the influence of visitor density and seasonality effects on the bear’s activity budgets. The results of this research will provide Oakland Zoo with a clearer understanding of how changes in management strategies affect the behavior of sun bears as well as provide insight into the underlying causes of stereotypic behavior.
The Noren Collection: A Case Study in Looting Behavior
The purpose of this case study is to observe the act of looting as a behavioral phenomenon without a moralistic judgement. The Noren collection is a unique assemblage of artifacts that were collected by United States Forest Service Ranger, Al Noren, and were collected in direct proximity to his duty locations that spanned the state of California. It is believed that by examining the changes in Noren’s methods of labeling his collection, there is a shift in his behavior towards his site looting. By considering the motivational factors, along with the dates in which looting laws were established and enacted, a distinct timeline appears of Noren’s habits in regards to his collection. Further analysis of this timeline and the collection allows for an increased understanding of what causes people to loot, and provides possible uses for the Noren collection in the future.
12:30-12:45 --- Break
A Tale of Two Buttons: Irish Identity and Diaspora in Nineteenth Century San Francisco
Although Irish immigrants composed the majority of the foreign-born population in San Francisco from the mid-to-late nineteenth century, the archaeology of this population has often been overlooked. Recent excavations in the city’s downtown uncovered two buttons worn by a member of the Fenian Brotherhood, an organization dedicated to Irish independence from Britain. This study examines how an Irish individual utilized these personal adornments to negotiate their identity during the 1870s. Investigation of city directories and censuses establishes an association between the buttons and their owner. Analysis of Wrindex, a database of Irish newspapers, provides sociopolitical contextualization that illuminates how this individual created voluntary associations with larger social groups, such as the Fenian Brotherhood. This project provides a case study for how historical archaeologists can approach identity in diasporic contexts. The proposed model enables archaeologists to transcend restrictive views of ethnicity to elucidate more nuanced interpretations of identity in the past.
A Historical Cultural Landscape Context Statement of Mt. Burdell
This project will construct a Historical Cultural Landscape Context Statement (HCLCS) for Marin County Parks and Open Space's (MCPOS) Mt. Burdell. The HCLCS will focus on the site specific location with regional and national contextualization. The HCLCS's core purpose allows MCPOS to consider reconceptualizing Mt. Burdell as a cultural landscape in the past and present. It will do this by providing a narrative of the constructed historical cultural landscapes of Mt. Burdell over the contact era Coastal Miwok, Spanish, Mexican and American politically delineated time periods. My research questions seek to construct the historical cultural landscapes through the methodology and data gained from ethnobiology and historical range reconstruction. By intertwining the cognitive and material reconstructions into the framework of analysis, the HCLCS becomes even more potentially applicable for MCPOS. The significance of this reconceptualization by MCPOS would result in clearer decisions about their stated restoration and public educational goals.
Concluding Discussion and Refreshments